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What equipment do you need to prepare for raising chickens?

Views: 75245425     Author: Phoenix      Publish Time: 2022-12-15      Origin: Cangzhou Phoenix Breeding Equipment Co., Ltd

When raising chickens, if you want the breeding to go smoothly, you need to make sufficient preparations. If you can’t raise them, you can only make temporary preparations if you suddenly find something missing. What about the equipment? The following is an introduction to the eight necessary equipment for raising chickens. Everyone must be fully prepared before raising chickens.

1. Heating equipment

During the brooding stage and the severe winter season, heating with electric heating, water heating, gas heating, coal stove, kang and other equipment can achieve the purpose of heating and keeping warm. Electric heating, water heating, and gas heating are relatively clean and hygienic. Coal stove heating should pay attention to prevent gas poisoning accidents. Heating on the heated kang consumes more fuel, but the temperature is relatively stable. As long as the required temperature can be guaranteed, any kind of heating equipment is feasible. The following introduces the underground flue heating equipment (heated kang) and electric heating umbrella.

Underground flue heating: The brooding method of flue heating is more suitable for small and medium-sized chicken farms. It is made of brick or adobe, and the larger brooding room can use a long flue, and the smaller brooding room can use a field-shaped surround flue. When designing the flue, the diameter of the inlet of the flue should be larger, and the mouth leading to the smoke outlet should be gradually smaller; the inlet should be slightly lower, and the smoke outlet should be gradually increased with the extension of the flue, so as to facilitate heating. Circulation and smoke exhaust to prevent falling smoke.

Electric heating umbrella: Electric heating umbrella can be made by yourself or purchased. The heat preservation umbrella can be made of iron sheet, aluminum sheet or plank, fiberboard and reinforced skeleton plus cloth, and the heat source can be heated by electric heating wire or electric heating plate, and can also be burned by a petroleum liquefier for heating. At present, the typical products of electric heating umbrellas are heated by embedded ceramic far-infrared heating plates. Each umbrella surface with a diameter of 2 meters can brood 500 broods. Before use, the temperature control adjustment and standard thermometer should be calibrated to ensure correct temperature control. 

2. Ventilation equipment

Airtight chicken houses must be mechanically ventilated, and ventilation fans can be installed to solve the problems of ventilation and cooling in summer. There are two types of mechanical ventilation: air-supply type and exhaust type: air-supply ventilation uses a fan to forcibly send fresh air into the chicken house to form a positive pressure in the house and discharge dirty air. Exhaust ventilation is to use a fan to forcibly extract the dirty air in the chicken house, so that a negative pressure is formed in the house, and fresh air enters the chicken house through the air inlet. There are many types and models of ventilation equipment, which can be purchased according to the actual situation. In the past, horizontal ventilation was mostly used in closed chicken houses, with air intake from one side and exhaust from the other side. In recent years, some chicken farms have adopted longitudinal ventilation, and the results have proved that the ventilation effect is better, and the cooling effect is more obvious in high temperature seasons.


Open chicken houses mainly adopt natural ventilation, and use the switches of doors, windows and skylights to adjust the ventilation volume. When the outside wind speed is large or the temperature difference between inside and outside is large, the ventilation is more effective, but in hot summer weather, the natural ventilation effect is not good, and mechanical ventilation is required. be supplemented. If you use roller shutters instead of windows in open chicken coops, you can lift the roller shutters to form floor-sweeping windows in summer, and the ventilation effect is good, but it is not suitable for regions with severe winters.

3. Water supply equipment

From the point of view of saving water and preventing bacteria from contaminating drinking water, nipple drinking fountains are the most ideal. The most common ones for raising hens and laying hens in cages are "V"-shaped water tanks, which are supplied with constant running water. This kind of sink will not leak as long as the connection is firm and the installation slope is appropriate, but the sink must be cleaned every day. It is most suitable for chicks to use bell-shaped vacuum drinkers, but water should be added regularly and cleaned regularly. Flat chickens can use a hanging tower type automatic drinking fountain. This drinking fountain is hung on the ceiling with a rope through a hanging ring, and the water inlet hose at the top is connected to the main water pipe. Hygienic and water-saving.


4. Feeding equipment

Mainly use troughs, and cage chickens use long through troughs. Automatic feeding uses feeders and chain feeders to feed. Flat chickens can use this feeding method, and can also use feed buckets to feed. Chicks use feed shallow pans. The shape of the feeding pan affects whether the feed can be fully utilized. If the feeding pan is too shallow, there will be more waste of feed if there is no guard edge. When one side of the feeding tray is higher and the slope is larger, it can prevent the chicken from throwing the feed out of the trough when eating. The size of the feeding tray should be set according to the size of the chicken body.

5. Egg-laying equipment For broiler breeders or laying hens, a two-layer egg-laying box can be used, and one box is provided for every 4 hens. The height of the upper floor from the ground should not exceed 60 cm. Each nesting box is about 30 cm wide, 30 cm high, and 32-38 cm deep. The two sides and the back of the egg-laying box can be in the form of grids to ensure the air circulation in the egg-laying box and facilitate heat dissipation. There should be a buffer baffle about 8 cm high on the outer edge of the bottom surface to prevent the eggs from rolling off the ground.

6. Manure cleaning equipment

Generally, chicken farms use manual manure removal on a regular basis, and a few chicken farms use manure scrapers to remove manure mechanically. The wire rope of the manure scraper is easy to corrode and break, inconvenient to maintain, high in cost, and difficult to use without power guarantee. Therefore, there are not many chicken farms that use mechanical manure removal.

7. Cage

Brooding can use screen panels or vertical multi-layer brooders. In addition to raising chickens in flat nets, overlapping or stepped breeding cages are often used. Laying hens are basically kept in cages. 


The implementation of cage breeding and cage chicken can make full use of space, increase the feeding capacity, clean and sanitary conditions are good, easy to prevent epidemics, save feed, the cleanliness of eggs is high, and it is convenient to manage chickens. At present, there are many domestic manufacturers producing chicken coops. Breeding chicken cages have individual cages for breeding. Grandparents and parental chickens can use ordinary laying hen cages or small group breeding cages. A small group of breeding cages can be specially equipped with a curtain at one end of the cage for shading, which can create a quiet environment for the hens to lay eggs, and at the same time prevent anus pecking when laying eggs.

8. Lighting equipment

At present, incandescent lamps (that is, light bulbs) are generally used for lighting. Many chicken farms have installed a timer to automatically control the switch of the light to replace the manual switch light, ensuring the accuracy and reliability of the light time. Fluorescent tubes can also be used for lighting, and the tubes are directed towards the ceiling, so that the light is reflected to the ground through the ceiling, and the diffused light is soft and uniform. Lighting with fluorescent lamps can also save electricity.

The above is the introduction of the eight kinds of equipment necessary for raising chickens. Do you remember? Before starting to raise chickens, these equipment should be fully prepared, so as not to waste time. Ventilation, lighting, and heating are likely to be ignored by people, but it is very important to maintain an environment suitable for chickens.

Cangzhou Phoenix Breeding Equipment Co., Ltd is a professional manufacturer and exporter that is concerned with the design, development and production of livestock breeding equipment.




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