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Spring and summer handover, precautions for poultry breeding

Views: 45628     Author: phoenix     Publish Time: 2023-04-26      Origin: Phoenix Breeding Equipment

Every spring is the period of high incidence of diseases and the most difficult time to raise poultry. Whether it is feeding management or disease prevention and control, it has increased the difficulty for us to raise chickens. Due to new changes in the disease in recent years, the disease is becoming more and more complicated, more serious, and more and more confused.


If we want to control the disease well, we must start from the chicken itself, improve its own immunity, and the body's resistance can effectively resist the pathogen. Everyone should remember that there is no magic medicine in our breeding. Those so-called magic medicines must cooperate with relatively healthy organisms to fight diseases. If the chicken’s own disease resistance is not good, the magic medicine will lose its luster.


In this topic, some friends asked how to improve the body's own immunity and improve the health index of chicken flocks from the aspects of feeding management and drug health care? Share your thoughts with your friends here.

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Lets first look at the physiological characteristics of early chickens. The development of chickens in this early stage is not perfect in all aspects, especially the immune system is a key stage of development. If it is affected at this stage, it will affect the development of immune organs. Factors in the development of immune organs will cause immunosuppression, the body's immunity will naturally fail, and the resistance will be very poor, so some chicken farms will have stubborn colibacillosis, stubborn respiratory disease and even stubborn glandular disease. Myogastritis has a high death rate and a high casualty rate, and the loss is self-evident. 


There are many factors affecting the development of the chicken immune system. So how to protect the immune organs of chickens from being affected or less affcted at this stage, and how to improve the health index of chickens has become the key to our chicken raising!


1. Feeding management

1). Avoid colds and colds in the early stage of chickens. The earlier the age of colds and colds, the greater the impact on immune organs, and the more serious the immune suppression may be. Sometimes it is difficult to 100% avoid colds. It is recommended to use Qufeng in time Heat-tonifying traditional Chinese medicine for dispelling cold, such as Jingfangbaidu San.


2). Pay attention to timely ventilation, and do not keep them stuffy. Because the current chicken coops are all airtight chicken coops, when the ventilation is poor, coupled with the high temperature and high humidity in the early stage, it will increase the burden on the lungs, causing pulmonary edema, and even lung congestion. The function of the body is reduced, and the cardiopulmonary circulation is affected, which will affect the development of immune organs and cause immunosuppression.


3). The humidity should not be too high, generally keep it at 65-70%. If the humidity is too high, it will cause mildew of the feed, and the immunosuppression caused by mycotoxins will be more serious. At the same time, mycotoxins will also cause adenoid gastritis in chickens. 


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4). Furthermore, in the habit of feeding, change the habit of adding lazy feed, add less and more frequently, clean the trough 2-3 times a day, do not let the feed stay in the trough for too long, in high temperature and high humidity environment In the environment, the feed is prone to mildew.


2. Disease

Due to the complexity of the disease in recent years, the emergence of some new immunosuppressive diseases also has a certain impact on the quality of chicken chicks, resulting in poor body resistance and poor immunity. For example, adenovirus has become more and more common in recent years. The more common it is, it also causes certain losses to farming.


Early purification prevents some immunosuppressive diseases, such as: adenovirus, leukemia, adenomyosis, etc., especially vertically transmitted diseases. Of course, relatively speaking, for chicks with better quality, the probability of this situation is less.


3. Drug health care

Since the development of the immune organ is so important, while avoiding its damage, some health medicines can be used to promote its development and enhance its function.


1). For example, traditional Chinese medicines such as astragalus polysaccharides have a certain effect on improving immunity.


2). Use less or no antibiotics with relatively large side effects to reduce damage to internal organs.


3). For intestinal health drugs in the early stage, choose drugs that have little impact on the intestinal environment. Since the digestive system is not fully developed in the early stage, if it is injured, digestion and absorption will be affected, which will inevitably affect the development of immune organs.


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4). Inhibit mold and remove mycotoxin products to reduce the harm of mold and toxins.


How to really do a good job of "feeding, raising, managing and learning"!


For those who raise chickens, feeding management is talked about every day. Whether the feeding management is good or not directly determines the success or failure of chicken raising, because only if the chickens are well-raised, the chickens will not get sick and have no problems, and they will be profitable. Otherwise, no matter how many years you struggle, it will be a waste of work, and you will return to before liberation.


So how should we understand the four words "feeding management"? How can we do it well? Here I will talk about my feelings.


1. First of all, say "feeding"


To feed means to feed.Feed and water the chickens. So it seems relatively simple. As a breeder, as long as the feed is added and the water is added, the work is completed. In fact, in the process of feeding, there are many problems that need our attention and debugging. Especially for larger farms, more attention should be paid. for example:


1). When the automatic feeding machine feeds, there will be uneven feeding. The machine travels at an uneven speed, fast and slow, resulting in high piles of feed in the trough and low piles. There is not enough food in the place, resulting in the lack of nutrition and resistance of the chicken.


2). The water line is often blocked, dirt is deposited, or the nipple is broken, causing water leakage. The flock will die of thirst, or become drenched and sick.


3). When self-batching, check the quality of various raw materials, whether they are moldy or not, and whether they are expired. With full-price feed, check carefully whether there is moisture, whether there is any abnormality, and so on. If you don't check, once a bad feed is eaten by the chicken, it may cause glandular gastritis, enteritis or other diseases.


4). Check the water source, whether the drinking water is clean, whether impurities, minerals, pH exceed the standard, whether there are disinfectants, etc., all of which must be paid attention to at any time. Because the chickens drink a lot of water, even if they are fine at ordinary times, it will cause a lot of losses once.


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2. Then say "raise"


In many cases, we are not raising "chickens", but "diseases". Why do you say that? From a biological point of view, chickens are living animals, as are bacteria and viruses. When we create an environment suitable for chickens to grow, we also create an environment suitable for bacteria and viruses to grow. for example:


1). Escherichia coli likes to grow in an environment with a pH value of 7.2-7.4, but if we don't pay attention to disinfection, we will create this environment for it and let it grow wantonly. This is equivalent to that we are "raising" E. coli, and it grows very quickly.


2). Coccidia like a humid environment, and we usually pay attention to adjusting the humidity, or we don’t know how to adjust the humidity, so we create a growth environment for the coccidia. At this time, we “raise” the coccidia and let them grow freely grow. Then we treat it again and take various medicines. Isn't this just playing with ourselves?


3). There are also mycoplasma, various viruses and other pathogens, all like to attack chickens with weak constitution and weak resistance. However, we usually do not pay attention to ventilation, do not reduce the stocking density, do not pay attention to increasing nutrition, do not pay attention to health care, or always create various stresses for the chickens. It just fits the wishes of the virus, and it just creates suitable growth conditions for the virus, allowing it to take advantage of it. Think carefully, we are not raising chickens, but cultivating viruses and creating breeding grounds for pathogens.


3. say "management" again


What exactly is there to manage? Some people say, of course it’s the chickens, and if you raise chickens, you don’t care about the chickens. Do you care about the ducks?


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In fact, "management" includes a lot of content. For a breeder, he must first manage the chickens, and then the equipment. The chickens are required to be able to ventilate, keep warm, adjust humidity, density and light, observe the status of the flock, and prevent epidemics. Pipeline equipment requires being able to be an electrician, a welder, a maintenance worker, and a porter. In a modern chicken farm, the scale is large, the equipment is very advanced, and it is also very complicated. Once there is a small problem with any equipment and the operation is not normal, the chicken farmer must find out in time and deal with it in time. Otherwise, it will get worse and worse, and it will become more and more unusable. When the problem becomes serious, you can go to others to repair it, which will not only increase the cost, but also delay things. If it is a sudden accident, such as a power outage, or the motor of the feed machine is overloaded, or the manure scraper suddenly stops turning, the fan suddenly stops turning, it will affect the chicken flock, small ones cause stress, big ones cause casualties.


As for the owner or manager of the farm, what they need to manage is the breeding concept, prevention and control measures, strict control of disease prevention and control, and strict control of vaccines and veterinary drugs. Another most important point is the strict education and checks on the workers. How to manage the workers well, let them be serious and responsible, not to be lazy, not to play tricks, not to fight against the boss, how to let them have a sense of ownership, think about the chicken farm, and how to form a harmonious, happy and positive atmosphere, which is also a compulsory homework for the bosses . If the management is improper and the workers feel disgusted, whether the ventilation should be ventilated, the heating should be heated or not, and the inspection should be inspected or not, the consequences will be unimaginable.


4. finally say "reason"


This principle can be interpreted as understanding, reason, and director.


We need to understand the physiological habits of chickens, understand the growth conditions of chickens, and understand the feelings of chickens. We need to know the principles of raising chickens, preventing epidemics, and curing diseases, how does the disease come, and how to let it go? What is the purpose of epidemic prevention, and how can it be effective? How to maximize the benefits of raising chickens? We should not use cheap feed and cheap medicines just to save money and save money. As a result, the chickens will not be well raised and diseases will not be cured. For all kinds of things about raising chickens, we need to be common sense and reasoned through. You can't be a hands-off shopkeeper, ignore everything, and only know how to count money. Once there is a problem with the chicken flock, I am anxious and seek medical treatment everywhere. In the end, not only can I not count the money, but I will lose money.



Therefore, raising chickens is a simple matter, but it is not a simple matter. If you want to raise chickens well and profitably, you really need to work hard, be careful and patient. Speaking back, once the effort is sufficient and the doorway is cleared up, it will be easy to raise chickens, things will be easy to do, and earning money will become easy.

I hope that through today's sharing, everyone can raise good chickens and make more money. I will continue to share with you the feeding management of poultry and the current epidemic diseases.

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