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​Chicken Breeding Density and Drinking Water Management

Views: 7895     Author: Phoenix     Publish Time: 2023-05-08      Origin: Phoenix Breeding Equipment

1. Stocking density

The number of chickens raised per square meter is the stocking density. The stocking density is small, which is not conducive to heat preservation and is not economical. If the stocking density is too high, the flocks will be crowded and the feed intake will be uneven, resulting in stunted growth of the flocks, which will easily lead to pecking addiction. The stocking density should be adjusted with the variety of chicks, brooding method, season, age and other factors. 

The density is lower when raising on the ground, and the density of raising on the Internet and three-dimensional cages can be higher than that of raising on the ground. The stocking density can be appropriately increased in winter, and should be appropriately reduced in summer. The density of chicken houses with good ventilation conditions can also be appropriately increased. When the stocking density is appropriate, the chicks are evenly distributed, without obvious piles, can move freely, and sleep comfortably. When the stocking density is too high, the chickens will be crowded and grab food from each other, with uneven weight development and slow growth. The utilization rate of chicken houses with low stocking density is low, which is not conducive to heat preservation. The corresponding stocking density should be adjusted as the age increases.

chicken farm equipment

When brooding in large quantities, it can be divided into several brooding pens in the large brooding house to prevent the chicks from being crushed to death due to food grabbing. The weak and young chicks are individually surrounded into small circles and raised in a place with a higher temperature in the brooding room. 

2. Drinking water

1)Function of drinking water

The water content of chicks is high, reaching about 85%. The water consumption in the body of the chicks after hatching is very large, 8% of the water in the body is consumed 24 hours after hatching, and 15% is consumed after 48 hours. Coupled with the high temperature in the brooding house, it is easy to dehydrate. After the chicks enter the chicken house, they should be given water in time before eating, so as to replenish the physiological needs of the chicks in time. The egg yolk of the chicks after hatching is not fully absorbed. Drinking water can promote intestinal peristalsis, accelerate the absorption of egg yolk, promote the excretion of meconium, and increase appetite.

chicken nipple drinker

2) Drinking requirements

The first time a chick drinks water is called the first drink. The sooner the first drink is, the better. Generally, the first drink can be performed 3 hours after the fluff of the chick emerges from the shell and dries up. When the transportation distance is long, you should also drink water within 48 hours. After the chicks arrive in the coop, drink water as early as possible when the chicks are calm. Drink first and then eat. It can be used in open drinking water, mixed with water at a ratio of 1:2000, to clean the gastrointestinal tract and promote the excretion of meconium in chicks.

When drinking water, ensure that more than 80% of the chicks drink the first sip of water at the same time, and pay attention to the flock. If some chickens do not drink water, increase the number of drinking fountains and increase the light intensity appropriately. For chickens that are unresponsive, squatting or weak, stimulate drinking water through manual training or clapping.

3.Drinking water training

It is very important that the chicks have access to water as soon as possible. It can be taught to drink water through artificial training. Method: holds the chick lightly with the palm facing the back of the chick, lightly clasp the neck with the thumb and middle finger, lightly press the head with the index finger, press the beak into the water tray, be careful not to let water enter the nostrils, quickly let the chicken raise its head, and the chick will swallow it mouth water. Repeat this three or four times, and the chicks will learn to drink water by themselves. After a few chicks drink water, the rest will quickly learn to drink water.


4.Water quality

To comply with drinking water hygiene standards. Requires clear, colorless, odorless and no sediment. Sufficient supply of clean drinking water to ensure continuous water 24 hours a day. Drinking water temperature, warm boiled water is used for the first week, the water temperature is 20-25°c, and tap water can be used after 1 week of age. In order to enhance the physique of the chicks, additives or drugs can be added to the drinking water in the first week. Such as vitamin C, 5% to 8% brown sugar, glucose, instant multidimensional or electrolytic multidimensional, oral rehydration salts, etc., Can effectively relieve the stress caused by transportation and quickly replenish water and energy. 

5. Drinking water utensils

Drinking water for the first time, drinking water equipment generally adopts tower drinking fountains or vacuum drinking fountains. Every 100 chicks can be equipped with 2 drinking fountains of 4.5 liters, which is evenly distributed in the brooding room to facilitate the chicks to drink. The size of the drinking fountain and the height from the ground should be gradually adjusted as the chicks grow older, and its height should always be slightly higher than the back of the chicken.

Drinking fountains should be cleaned or disinfected once a day, and the bedding around the drinking fountains should be kept dry. Place the drinking fountains evenly in the brooding house where the light is good and close to the feeding tray. Drinking fountains and feeding utensils should be staggered. The distance between the drinking fountain and the feeding tray should not exceed 1 meter. When brooding in cages, use the drinking fountain in combination with the sink or nipple drinking fountain after 4 to 5 days, and withdraw the drinking fountain after 7 to 10 days of age, and use the sink or nipple drinking fountain.


water line

6.Drinking water

Chick water requirements are related to body weight and ambient temperature. The faster the growth, the heavier the weight is, and the higher the ambient temperature, the greater the demand for water.

7. Precautions for drinking water

Pay attention to replenishing drinking water in time. If there is no water in the drinking fountain, add water immediately to prevent the chicks from drinking water for a long time and drinking too much, which will cause the crop edema and cause water intoxication. Record the amount of water you drink every day, and find out the reason in time if you find any abnormality. Sudden changes in the water intake of chicks are often a harbinger of problems in the flock. If the drinking water of the flock suddenly increases and the feed intake decreases significantly, it may be that a certain disease has occurred, such as coccidiosis, infectious bursal disease, etc. Two days before and after drinking water immunization, the water should not contain disinfectant, otherwise the immune effect will be reduced.

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logoPhoenix Breeding Equipment Co., Ltd is a professional manufacturer and exporter that is concerned with the design, development and production of livestock breeding equipment. which can provide all kinds of poultry farm equipment, such as automatic feeding and drinking linepoultry nipple drinker, rabbit nipple drinker, poultry feederpoultry drinkierventilation fanCooling pad , egg incubator,pvc pipe ,ss pipe etc. Check out our site to find the latest in poultry equipment. We hope you’ll fine the right products for you,, and how it allows you to scale up to the next level when you’re ready.

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